Every employer has the utmost responsibility to grant employees various employment rights stated under the federal laws. In case that an employer violates any of the laws - retaliation for instance, the affected employee must seek for an illegal termination lawyer.
Meanwhile, here are the different federal laws that must be understood by employers and employees alike in order for them to avoid misapprehensions.
Civil Rights Act of 1964 or the Title VII (Equal Employment Opportunities)
It forbids employment discrimination based on color, national origin, religion, race, or sex.
Equal Pay Act of 1963
It obliges employers to render wages to all employees in parity, regardless of whether the workers are men or women.
Equal Credit Opportunity Act
It forbids creditors from discerning against credit applicants on the basis of age, religion, race, sex, color, marital status, national origin, or because the applicant receives an amount from a public assistance program.
Fair Housing Act
It prohibits prejudice in the rental, sale, and funding of housing based on religion, color, disability, sex, familial status, or national origin.
Pregnancy Discrimination Act
It forbids discrimination against women who are or plan to be pregnant. It covers the period of hiring, promotion, and wrongful termination.
Family and Medical Leave Act
It provides employees the right to take time off from work to take care of a newly born baby, adopted child, or ill loved one.
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972
It disallows sex discrimination in programs related to education that receive federal financing to increase educational and athletic chances for women in schools and colleges all over the country.
U.S Code Title 42, Chapter 21 – Civil Rights
It forbids discrimination against individuals based on age, race, national origin, religion, or disability in the setting of education, employment, federal services, and the like.